When your period is AWOL two, three days after you expected it, it can have you freaking out. Of course, the first thing that pops in your head is that you’re pregnant. And if you’ve not had unprotected sex in the last month, you may even start panicking, thinking something is wrong.
Your period can come (up to a week) late sometimes, or it skips a cycle altogether. And if that pregnancy stick says negative, what exactly is going on? Here are five other causes of a missed period apart from pregnancy.
Stress can mess with your hormones. And if you had just experienced a major change, a loss, for example, it can affect the part of your brain responsible for regulating your period.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) can also lead to irregular ovulation or stop it altogether. This condition is due to an increase in the production of the male hormone androgen. Cysts form in the ovaries as a result of the hormonal imbalance. Doctors may prescribe medications to get your cycle back on track.
3. Birth control
When you go on or off birth control pills, you may experience some changes in your cycle. These pills contain oestrogen and progestin, hormones which prevent your ovaries from releasing eggs. If you go off the contraceptives, it may take months for your cycle to become consistent again.
4. Certain diseases
Chronic diseases like diabetes can have an effect on your menstrual cycle too. It can also be one of the causes of missed period as the changes in blood sugar are linked to hormonal changes too.
5. Thyroid issues
When you have an overactive or underactive thyroid gland, this can cause late or missed periods. Medications may be prescribed.
For more on periods, here are important hygiene rules to follow when you’re on your period.