If you’re not ready to have children, it’s important that you take the necessary steps to prevent an unwanted pregnancy.
What are the birth control options you have and how do you know the one that is right for you? Let’s break it down.
Before choosing the right birth control methods, you should consider the following:
- Your health status,
- Whether or not you want children in the future,
- How often you have sex and how many sexual partners you have,
- Your level of comfort with your chosen method.
Now to the birth control methods you can choose from:
This means you only have sexual intercourse during your “safe” days. If your menstrual period is reliable, you’ll have between 7-9 fertile days per month. This method requires you to only have sex on the days that you’re less likely to get pregnant.
There are various ways to track your periods. Many women simply download an ovulation calculator app. All you need to do is input your period dates every month and these apps show you which days are safe and which aren’t.
This is a blanket term that covers such birth control options as pills, patches, injections, and vaginal rings. Before adopting any of these methods, it’s important to see a gynecologist. He/she will carry out some tests and ask certain questions to learn about your health history. They will then determine which is best for you. Contraceptive pills, for instance, are about 99% effective when taken correctly. However, they sometimes have such side effects as breast tenderness, mood swings, and weight gain.
Patches are also very effective but the efficacy can be decreased in women who are overweight or if you’re on certain medications. The Depo-Provera injections, usually given every three months is also about 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. It’s safe and convenient and it’s also a good option even if you’re breastfeeding.
Side effects like irregular bleeding, heavy periods, weight gain, depression, and nausea are also possible. The Vagina ring (NuvaRing) is inserted in the vagina and left there for 3 weeks every cycle. It releases hormones into your body to prevent pregnancy. This ring can, however, cause vaginal discharges, irritation, and infection.
This is a copper device that is inserted into your uterus by a healthcare professional. The Mirena version can be left in place for up to 5 years, Skyla for 3 and ParaGuard for 10-12 years. Keep in mind that IUDs are not safe for everyone, so see a doctor before using this method. These are some of the most popular birth control options out there and any of them can be a great choice for you depending on convenience and future plans.
Speaking of contraceptives, here are four times when it’s dangerous to use Postinor 2.